Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan summed up overall results of 2016 and determined the tasks for the forthcoming period
An extended meeting of the Collegium of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan was held today on the results of 2016 and tasks for 2017.
The event was attended by the deputies of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, representatives of the Presidential Administration, central state bodies, deputies of akims, heads of regional health departments, jurisdictional organizations, territorial departments, NGOs, etc.
At the beginning of his speech, Minister of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan Yelzhan Birtanov recalled that in the current message of the Head of State to the citizens of Kazakhstan, in healthcare system there are tasks as: conducting a broad informational and explanatory work about compulsory social health insurance system, informatization of the healthcare, introduction of price regulation for medicines.
Minister noted that 2016 was significant for the entire healthcare sector. State Program "Densaulyk" was launched, which is a logical continuation of previous state programs.
"Life expectancy in 2016 was 72 years, which is 6 years more than in 2006. There is a positive trend in infant mortality. In 2016, this indicator was 12.6 cases per 1,000 births, which is 2 times less than in 2006. With the aim of reducing maternal and infant mortality, the Ministry successfully introduced an integrated model of delivery of medical care to obstetrics and child care.
Taken measures have resulted in a steady decline in infant mortality. According to the Committee on Statistics, the maternal mortality rate in the reporting year was 12.7 cases per 100,000 births, whereas in 2000 it was 48.0 cases per 100,000 births. In order to reduce mortality, the role and responsibility of specialized medical organizations in the coordination, monitoring, ensuring the effectiveness and quality of medical care at all levels has been strengthened" emphasized Elzhan Birtanov.
The implementation of the National Screening Program continues. In 2016, 11,104,264 screening surveys of targeted groups of adults and children were carried out throughout country. Coverage rate by screening increased up to 90% or more, detection rate of disease cases also increased, a positive dynamics in the pertaining to the prophylaxis observation coverage of the identified patients.
"Considering that more than 40% of the population lives in rural areas, special attention is paid to enhancement the availability of medical care to the rural population, especially those living in remote and hard-to-reach regions. Transport medicine is developing as well, there are operate 49 mobile medical complexes, 40 route medical and rescue stations, 3 medical diagnostic trains" Elzhan Birtanov noted.
Priority is paid to the treatment of diseases most influencing the demographic situation in the country. For this, a phased implementation of integrated model is envisaged in 5 directions. A Coordination Council has been established in all areas. For each of the directions, an analysis of medical care service-organizations conditions, personnel support, material and technical equipment, as well as ways to solve the identified problems of the services.
In 23 medical organizations in 7 pilot regions, the Disease Management Program is implemented for three nosology: arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic heart failure. This program is aimed at teaching patients on healthy lifestyle habits that contribute to reducing the exacerbation of chronic diseases, emergency hospitalizations and increasing the joint responsibility of citizens for their health.
The main priority of health care is to protect the mother and child health.
For the first time in the post-Soviet area, Kazakhstan began vaccinating children against pneumococcal infection. To date, 2 regions of the country are covered by this type of vaccination, stage by stage, vaccination will be conducted throughout the country. Solely these measures will reduce children death rate by 20%.
At the end of his speech, Minister noted that in general, there are positive changes in the country's healthcare system, but there are still certain challenges for the system, both global and internal.
"In this regard, and to achieve goals set by the Head of State, Ministry of Health should work closely with local executive bodies, medical organizations, including private, professional associations, the non-governmental sector and patients. We need to continue to conduct systematic work to fulfill the tasks outlined in the “Kazakhstan 2050” Strategy and the Nation's Plan of “100 Specific Steps”, taking into account the recommendations and best practices of the OECD countries. The joint efforts we are undertaking and the promotion of initiatives in the field of healthcare modernization should lead us to the indicators that we have outlined today” said minister.
The materials of the Collegium can be found at the following link.
Press Service of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan: 74-31-37, 74-32-41, firstname.lastname@example.org